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4 Types of Evidence Accepted by the Courts in Criminal Defense Cases

4 Types of Evidence Accepted by the Courts in Criminal Defense Cases

Criminal Defense Cases

Seeing your case go to court can be one of the scariest experiences you may be required to endure in your life. Of course, you will likely have had an idea about the repercussions before you went on to commit a crime, but you may not have realized that the implications could have been this severe.

But if you have the professional help of places like Spodek law group, navigating the hardships of having a court trial can be greatly reduced. This is because your attorneys will have a vast knowledge about the types of evidence that can be used in court and those that can’t.

So, let’s learn more about this evidence.

Demonstrative Evidence 

Demonstrative Evidence

In its simplest definition, demonstrative evidence is described as a showing of evidence, aside from testimony, that represents, illustrates, or re-enacts something else like injuries, physical characteristics, or events. The most popular examples of demonstrative evidence could include photographs from the scene, the medical tests that can show that an injury is present, or any charts that can produce different types of data.

Many people would consider this to be evidence that could make the case more compelling, as well as helping the accused avoid punishment. To many people, demonstrative evidence is worth a thousand words. If you see something that is physically in front of you, instead of on paper, the jurors in your case are much more likely to take in the information that you are presenting to them. Depending on how you learn, you may find that visual testimony can stay in your mind longer than a verbal one, and this type of evidence can also make learning complex ideas much more compelling to the jury who could decide the outcome of your case.

Documentary Evidence

Documentary Evidence

Next, we have documentary evidence. This is any evidence that is, or can be, introduced at trial in the form of documents that have been distinguished from oral testimony. Irrespective of whether you think that any documents you have are not important, you could be surprised to hear that it could all make all the difference during your trial. If you can, be sure to keep all original documentation that you have.

There are many types of documentary evidence that your lawyer could want to present in court. Witness statements that could prove your innocence, reports that have been put together by experts that can collaborate your story, as well as official documents of contracts, for example, are all different types of documentary evidence that could affect the overall outcome of your case.

Real Evidence

Real Evidence

Real evidence is commonly described as an object, of any kind, that was present or used in the case that is featured in court. This type of evidence is broad, which means that several different things can be accepted under this area when it comes to defending an innocent party. For example, it can include clothing covered in blood, a damaged vehicle, as well as a gun or a knife. Of course, this is just a handful of things that could pass as real evidence.

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If these items are presented to the court and jury, there could be times when oral evidence is expected to go alongside it. This is because, without oral testimony, people won’t be able to connect the relevance of the item to the case. So, when required, a thorough description of the item and how it relates to the case could be particularly important.

Testimonial Evidence

Finally, we have testimonial evidence, which many people who work in the court system view to be the simplest type of evidence. Unlike the other types of evidence, it doesn’t need anything else to prove its legitimacy. Put simply, it is a statement that has been made by a witness or other person during the trial.

However, it is important to note that testimonial evidence does rely on the memory of the witness, and sometimes this could be incomplete or inaccurate. So, if you are required to question a witness, you need to make sure that they can recreate the scene of the crime to the court to make sure that the defendant has the best chance at avoiding any punishment they may be subjected to if they are found guilty.

This is just a general outline of the different types of evidence that courts will accept when it comes to navigating a trial. Each one can help your criminal defense attorney to effectively build a case that allows for the best outcome. So, be sure to make the most of these types of evidence where you can.

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