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Crypto Staking 101: What Is It & How Does It Work?

Crypto Staking 101: What Is It & How Does It Work?

Crypto Staking

When cryptocurrencies began their journey, crypto mining was considered the most effective method of earning. It’s rewarding but very complex, time-consuming, and requires a sizable upfront cost. Investors found an easy method to make passive crypto income, known as crypto staking. The best part of staking is that anybody can do it. There’s no need to become a crypto expert to conduct staking or a large equipment requirement. Before implementing crypto staking, it’s wise to understand the basics of how it works and why an investor might do it.

What is Crypto Staking?

It is a popular way of generating passive crypto income. The investor commits virtual assets to a blockchain network for a specific time. Depending on the staked amount and the investment tenure, the investor earns interest. The blockchain platform appoints stakeholders, representing them as validators. The stakeholders, or validators, verify crypto transactions and add new blocks to the platform. The validators receive rewards when the blockchain network mints new coins and tokens. 

How to Stake Cryptocurrencies?

Experts claim that crypto staking is an easy investment. The following steps demonstrate the ways to stake cryptocurrencies. 

  • The investor creates an account on the crypto staking platform.
  • The second step involves picking a virtual asset to stake. Some staking platforms accept specific coins and tokens. Therefore, it is important to cross-check before investing.
  • The final step involves topping up the account and start staking.

Working Mechanism of Crypto Staking

Crypto staking functions in different ways. An individual stakes cryptocurrencies to become a stakeholder or validator on a blockchain network. Furthermore, the person earns passive crypto income by staking virtual assets on crypto exchanges and by joining crypto staking pools. Every system enables an investor to stake cryptocurrencies, but they function distinctly.

Becoming a Validator on the Blockchain Network

Validators are stakeholders who verify crypto transactions and include new data blocks on the network. A participant becomes a validator by buying and locking a certain amount of native crypto assets in the staking pool. Locking the crypto assets ensures that the validators on the blockchain platform are honest. If validators are dishonest, security loopholes emerge. It results in a fall in cryptocurrency prices. To become a part of the network, validators should set up their stalking infrastructure with adequate software and equipment. The method is less expensive than cryptocurrency mining.

Blockchain Network

Staking on the Crypto Exchange

Betting on a crypto exchange is the most effective method to stake and make money. The method doesn’t demand the need to buy software and equipment. The highlight of crypto exchange staking is that it allows the participants to bet on an extensive range of digital assets. Several crypto exchange platforms offer added reward and investment programs. It allows the participants to select digital assets in the portfolio of their preferred crypto exchange.

Joining a Staking Pool

Validators operate the crypto staking pool on a blockchain network. Joining the crypto staking pool is another way to acquire betting rewards and investment returns. The coin and token owners include their virtual assets in the staking pools. The system allows raising funds on the blockchain network to pay the validators. Additionally, the system also enables the token owners to earn rewards without validators. To conduct the method, the participants should own a crypto wallet so that they can transfer their digital assets and interact with the validators. The wallet is also the medium to receive investment and staking rewards. 

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How Much Rewards to Expect from Crypto Skating?

There is no one answer to the question. Some crypto staking platforms render better rewards for the same cryptocurrencies than other platforms. The reward rates range between 4% and 8%. The factors determining the staking rewards are:

  • The amount of investment
  • The number of participants in the crypto staking pool
  • The cryptocurrencies and staked coins


The staking platforms charge low fees to cover the operating costs. The platforms cut a certain percentage of the rewards, and it varies with different platforms. The US government monitors the cryptocurrency landscape and regulates its activities. Currently, there are no specific regulations for crypto staking. Though the IRS doesn’t have guidelines on taxing crypto staking, participants should report the rewards on the income tax statement. Understanding the basics of crypto staking and its working principle is an excellent source for earning passive income. 

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